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Clown Fish Facts and Information

Clown Fish Interesting Facts - Clown anemonefish are small eye-catching marine fishes found around coral formations in the Red Sea, GBR Australia, the Pacific and the Indian Oceans.

They are bottom dwellers which means they exist close to the seabed of shallow tropical reefs and sheltered lagoons. Clown fish thrive best in sea anemones which they inhabit for protection and food.

Around 28 clownfish species belong with the genus with a scientific name of Amphiprioninae and their characterization is with the fish family Pomacentridae.

Anemonefish Facts: The largest clown anemonefish can reach sizes up to 18 centimeters (seven inches) but the smallest of the clown fish species barely achieve a length of 11 centimeters (four inches). Clownfish are often called anemonefish because of their symbiotic relationship with their host, the sea anemone.

Clown Fish Habitat Facts

Clownfish are reef-dwelling species, all of which prefer warm water coral reef environments. Clownfishes inhabit a single sea anemone in colonial groups that generally includes a dominant breeding male and a female with a number of younger males.

The false clownfish are easily recognized by their beautiful chromatic reddish orange body with white patches or bands. In fact it was the clown fish species which was popularized in the 'Finding Nemo' movie made for children.

However, it is only the taxonomy Amphiprion percula which is regarded as the true clownfish and they have subtle differences in shape preferred habitats.

Clownfish Symbiosis

Interdependent symbiosis benefits both the clownfish and the anemone for feeding and for protection. Before the fish takes up residence with its host anemone, it carries out an elaborate dance and acclimates by gently caressing its tentacles with different body parts.

The mutuality helps both parties because the clownfish drives off intruders and preens its host by removing parasites. They both enjoy relative safety from predators and food scraps in exchange.

Although the anemone tentacles are poisonous to some fish, the clownfish has a thick layer of mucus on its body making it immune to the venom of the fish-eating anemone's lethal sting.

Clown Anemonefish Diet

Clown anemonefish are omnivores which means they will eat other animals or plants. They feed mostly on undigested food from their host and small drifting zooplankton in the water column. Their diet also includes tunicate larvae, copepods, and an occasional anemone's tentacle. Amphiprion perideraion species primarily feed on algae.

Water pollution worldwide threatens their natural habitat although clownfishes are not currently considered to be an endangered species. The fact that almost all clownfish fertilized eggs reach adulthood is the main reason for their stable population in the wild.

Other interesting facts about all clown fish eggs is that they all hatch as males. However, the dominant male changes sex to become female after the group female dies.

Interesting Facts about Clown FishClown Fish Interesting Facts

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False Clownfish Anemonefish Clown Anemonefish [Amphiprioninae]

Pictures of Clownfishes: False Clownfish and Clown Anemonefish facts. Not all these marine clown fishes are commonly found in the Gulf of Thailand but our Pattaya fish species section has information about other aquatic life found in the shallow waters around the coral islands.

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